Residential Schools





215

215 marks an important number. It marks the nation's eyes opening to the truth. As the number of bodies being uncovered across the nation continue to rise, we commit to education and reccnciliation, to raising awareness and creating change and action among our students and families.

In loving memory...

In loving memory of the children that never returned home.

We recognize the difficult parts of our nation’s history. We wish to honour the lives of the thousands of children that never returned home.


Prayer for Reconciliation

Holy One, Creator of all that is, seen and unseen, of story and of song, of heartbeat and of tears of bodies, souls, voices and all relations: you are the God of all truth and the way of all reconciliation. Uphold with your love and compassion all who open their lives in the sacred sharing of their stories breathe in us the grace to trust in your loving forgiveness, that we may face our histories with courage; touch us through the holy gift of story that those who speak and those who listen may behold your own redeeming presence; guide us with holy wisdom to enter through the gates of remorse that our feet may walk gently and firmly on the way of justice and healing. Amen Adapted from Kairos


Art Work created by Artist Moses Lunham, Kettle and Stony Point First Nation

SCCDSB counsellors are working in collaboration with Mental Health and Addiction Nurses to respond to student needs for counselling. Should you have any students you feel should be referred to the SCCDSB team, The link for referral is https://forms.gle/nb3kDmHje4ATYSYA7 Students, Parents and Caregivers can either be referred by a classroom teacher or self refer.

A national 24-hour crisis line is available to support Residential School Survivors and Families through the Indian Residential School Survivor Society 1-866-925-4419

Additional supports for student wellbeing:

Indigenous Student Mental Health

The Hope for Wellness Help Line

Indian Residential School Survivors and Family Crisis Help Line 1 866 925-4419

Metis Nation of Ontario Mental Health and Addictions Services and Crisis Line

Please reach out to cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net should you have any questions or concerns in your planning and day to day discussions with your students.

Truth and Reconciliation Week: September 27 - October 1, 2021

LIVE Learning Opportunities

All Board Staff can sign up for ANY AND ALL sessions, including classroom geared sessions and professional learning sessions. Please let cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net know if you require any accommodations. Classroom geared sessions are great for any staff member to listen in on. Sign up today using the link below!

Register here for all Virtual Sessions

A full description of all sessions are outlined below.



Register for Truth and Reconciliation Week LIVE Events with the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation which will take place virtually the week of September 27 through October 1, 2021. Click here for the Eventbrite Registration. This series is for grades 5 to 12 and adult learning.

Program:

Day 1 (Sept 27) - Land and Treaties

Day 2 (Sept 28) - Languages and Culture

Day 3 (Sept 29) - Truth and Reconciliation

Day 4 (Sept 30)- Orange Shirt Day

Day 5 (Oct 1)- Elder-Youth Knowledge Transfer


Schedule for registrants. Grades 5 to 12 classes must register through the eventbrite link here.

SCCDSB Hosted Virtual Opportunities:

Staff Professional Development

Jenny Kay Dupuis

Tuesday, September 21 @ 4:00 - 5:00



Breaking the Silence: Acknowledging the Truth and Empowering Diverse Community Voices

Join us virtually as Jenny Kay Dupuis shares her journey behind what inspired and motivated her to break the silence and create the best-selling children’s book, I Am Not a Number. Jenny Kay will share her reflections on working with family, community, and the literary world to tell the story of her granny’s experience at a residential school. She will also share her knowledge of the power of teaching, telling, and hearing difficult stories, including ones that focus on the realities of diversity, human rights, and social justice issues through diverse literature. Included in the discussion will also be what's next for Jenny Kay - a series of Woodland Pop Art works and a new children's picture book to be released in 2022/2023.

Following the guest speaker, you will have the opportunity to ask questions.

Biindigaygizhig,

Chippewas of the Thames First Nation

Wed., September 22 @ 4:00 - 5:00



Learning the Impacts: Building Understanding of the Impacts of the Residential School System and Thinking about Action

Join us virtually as Biindigaygizhig shares about the residential school system and its impacts, past present, and future. Learn the impacts on the individual, the family, the community, and the country.

Reflect upon how to approach conversations with youth and how to talk about true reconciliation along with Indigenous and non-Indigenous responsibilities. Following the guest speaker, you will have the opportunity to ask questions. This session is not recorded.

Parent and Community Session

Jenny Kay Dupuis

Tuesday, September 28 @ 4:00 - 5:00



Breaking the Silence: Acknowledging the Truth and Empowering Diverse Community Voices

Join us virtually as Jenny Kay Dupuis shares her journey behind what inspired and motivated her to break the silence and create the best-selling children’s book, I Am Not a Number. Jenny Kay will share her reflections on working with family, community, and the literary world to tell the story of her granny’s experience at a residential school. She will also share her knowledge of some approaches for parents, families, and community members to consider for their own learning journey, and how to support difficult conversations when sharing stories that focus on the realities of human rights and social justice issues through diverse children's literature.

Included in the discussion will also be what's next for Jenny Kay - a series of Woodland Pop Art and a new children's picture book to be released in 2022/2023.

Classroom teachers can join this session if the Sept 21 session was missed (there will be overlap from the Sept 21 session).

Following the guest speaker, you will have the opportunity to ask questions.

SCCDSB Hosted Classroom Sessions (begin Sept 21 through to Oct 1)

Note: Truth and Reconciliation Week hosted by the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation which takes place virtually the week of September 27 through October 1, 2021 for Grades 5 to 12 classes has an amazing line up of daily virtual sessions. Register using the eventbrite link above. The additional SCCDSB hosted sessions outlined below for the intermediate and secondary students have been planned to continue to make local classroom connections. SCCDSB hosted sessions outlined below for K-4 classes have also been planned since the sessions hosted by NCTR are geared to grades 5 and up. Any staff can sign up for the sessions.

Theland Kicknosway,

Bkejwanong Territory

Grades 3 - 12

Tuesday, September 21 @ 9:30 - 10:30

Youth Action

Join Theland and learn about his journey as he inspires youth to get involved in raising awareness and educating others.

Moses Lunham,

Kettle and Stony Point First Nation

Grades 3 - 12

Friday, September 24

Art to Inspire Action

Join Moses as he teaches students to paint a Truth and Reconciliation inspired painting. Through painting and storytelling, students learn about residential schools and the importance of learning and journeying together.

The Woodland Cultural Centre

Grades 7 - 12

Friday, September 24 @ 9:30 - 11:00

This time was selected from the Woodland Cultural Session. This session will not be recorded.



Truth & Recognition



The goal of the Truth & Reconciliation presentation is about raising awareness of the tragic history of the residential school system. This session examines the history and policies that lead to the creation of the Residential Schools, their legacies, how they have impacted Indigenous people, and why truth and reconciliation is important.


The Woodland Cultural Centre

Grades 7 - 12

Monday, September 27 @ 11:30 - 1:00

This time was selected from the Woodland Cultural Session. This session will not be recorded.



Mohawk Institute Tour & Live Q&A


These sessions are not to be recorded. The tour is filmed and edited by “Thru the RedDoor”, former Education Tour Coordinator, Lorrie Gallant guides the viewer around the former Mohawk Institute Residential School. Lorrie provides the history of the institution 140 years of operation. Viewers will see the different rooms from the girls’ and boys’ dormitories, the cafeteria, laundry room, and other rooms throughout the building. Video includes interviews with five Survivors.



Lila Bruyere & Shawn Johnston,

Residential School Survivor and TRC Member

Grades 7 - 12

Wednesday, September 29 @ 9:30 - 10:30

Learning First Hand from Residential School Survivor Lila Bruyere and her son Shawn Johnston

Christin Dennis,

Aamjiwnaang First Nation

Grades 7 - 12

Friday, October 1 @ 9:30 - 10:30

Learning First Hand about the 60's Scoop Experience

Kindergarten to Grade 5 Virtual Storytelling Sessions

during Truth & Reconciliation Week, Sept 27 - Oct 1

Deb & Barry Milliken,

Kettle and Stony Point First Nation

Grades K - 2 & 3 - 5


Biindigaygizhig,

Chippewas of the Thames First Nation

Grades K - 2 & 3 - 5


Linda Lou Classens,

Bkejwanong Territory Librarian

Grades 2 - 5


All sessions have recommended grade levels, but all grade levels and all staff are welcome to attend all sessions.

Please let cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net know if you require accommodations.

Beginning the Year with Raising Awareness

As part of the mandatory curriculum that includes the teaching and learning of Residential Schools in an age appropriate way, schools across St. Clair Catholic District School Board are supporting and participating in this National learning opportunity.

Truth and Reconciliation Week, which includes the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation on September 30, also known as Orange Shirt Day, provides an opportunity for schools and communities to come together in the spirit of reconciliation and hope for generations of children to come. It is a time to spread awareness of and reflect on the tragedies experienced as a result of the residential school system.

To connect conversations in the classroom, please use this webpage for links to resources and ideas about how to approach learning in the classroom before, during, and after Truth and Reconciliation Week, and all year. Please sign up for virtual sessions outlined below.

Classroom Discussions

Throughout classroom discussions, it is important to recognize that Indigenous people are not victims first. Include time to learn about the culture, the language, as well as history, traditions, and perspectives and the many resilient people who were impacted by residential schools. Please contact cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net for further information about how to raise awareness and build understanding in your school and check out this Indigenous Education SCCDSB website below for resources and links to lesson ideas for before and after this important day and week is recognized.


When is the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation?

The National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, which falls on September 30, recognizes the harm the residential school system did and is an affirmation that everyone matters. This day we know as Orange Shirt Day and for the first time ever it will be observed as a statutory holiday to commemorate the legacy of Residential Schools in Canada. Truth and Reconciliation Week is an opportunity to continue the learning and conversations all throughout the week.

This is an opportunity to keep the discussion on all aspects of residential schools happening annually. September 30 was chosen because September is the time of year in which children were taken from their homes to residential schools, and because it is an opportunity to involve the students in the process and set the stage for anti-racism and anti-bullying in school conversations.

Remember those children and communities dramatically affected by the Indian Residential Schools System. September 30, known as Orange Shirt Day, is inspired by Phyllis Jack Webstad who, on her first day at residential school in 1973, was stripped of her new orange shirt.

Sign up for the LIVE events outlined below that are happening to bring learning into the classroom and for your own personal learning. All staff can sign up for all sessions. Please let cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net know if you require any accommondations.


St. Clair Catholic District School Board Acknowledgement of Ancestral Lands

We are thankful for the Creator’s gift of Mother Earth, providing everything we need for life: air, water, land, and all of Creation. We acknowledge that this land, surrounded by water, on which we are gathered today is part of the ancestral land of the Anishinaabeg and the Lunaapeewak. Together, as treaty people, we have a shared responsibility to act with respect for the environment, protecting the future for those generations to come.

Language Pronunciations

Anishinaabeg (ah-nish-i-nah-beg)

Lunaapeewak (le-naw-powuk)







Prayer

Loving God

Your creation explodes with the colours of the rainbow

Your peoples reveal the beauty of diversity

We remember today when the joy and dignity of a precious child was destroyed.

We lament today for the childhoods lost through the residential school system.

We mourn for the spirits crushed and the futures compromised.

Celebrate the hope and joy of every child

Tell the stories of resistance that make us stronger

Build the bonds of solidarity to ensure “never again”

We pray for the survivors, those that never made it home, and all who are impacted. Amen

Adapted from Kairos

Engaging in Learning

  1. Discuss: What makes you, you? Who and what things, stories or traditions would you say are important to you? What do you have that reminds you of - or helps you feel close to - your favourite place and favourite people?
    (Remind students that all people have arts, stories, histories, and more that are important and help us feel included, and make us unique and special.)

  2. Visit this Orange Shirt Day website, read the first two paragraphs and the "Today" section of Phyllis’ story. Help students connect to her by sharing her photographs with students.

  3. Watch the local documentary "We Are Still Here" (linked below under documentaries) and reflect about each of the stories. Ask students what impacted them most. How have their ideas changed after watching the documentary.

  4. Visit the residential schools interactive map (linked below under maps). Find out the location of residential schools. Investigate how far the residential schools would have been away from the families of the students that attended. Discuss what impact this made.

  5. Invite students to connect with Phyllis' story: What did having her orange shirt taken away mean to her? What does the shirt symbolize for her? Why do you think Phyllis shared this story? What sorts of things do people say and do to make others feel they don't belong? that they do belong? What can we do today to let survivors know that we've listened and are learning from their stories? Why do we wear orange? What else can we do to remember; to learn; to educate others?

  6. Think about symbols. Paint rocks orange, create handprints, draw hearts to remember, create orange duct tape messages on walls, use the sidewalk and create chalk messages; reflect, discuss, pray, raise awareness.

  7. Ask students to create a response (i.e. a letter, a card, an art work) to their learning about the stories of residential schools and share that response with a survivor or a family member of a survivor. (contact cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net to share)

  8. Share a Survivor's Story... Aloud and In Person Bring the stories, words and emotions to life in your classroom, virtually, at an assembly or at a flashmob teach-in in the halls with a Reader's Theatre or Found Poetry performance. These strategies help students and audiences to connect with the emotions articulated. Follow the performance by sharing who Phyllis Webstad or other survivor's are today; their story is one of victimhood as a child, but it is also one of healing, defiance, resilience, and courage. Honouring the whole being means honouring the whole story.

  9. Make a commitment to read and learn more. There are a multitude of resources available from early years to adult. Many books in our schools already exist as well as many onlline resources can be found below.

  10. Review and understand how you can make space in your homes, places of work or worship, for the day to day learning of First Nations, tis and Inuit history as well as the contemporary First Nations, tis and Inuit realities. Remember to include stories of resilience and create space for youth to see themselves in the learning and have mentors to aspire to.

  11. Engage in your own personal conversations within your own circles on how you can begin a different relationship with those who are different than you.

  12. Place your feet on the land and take a couple of minutes to listen, smell, feel, and appreciate what is around you.

  13. Continue learning all throughout the year, it is a process and a journey.

adapted from: https://facingcanada.facinghistory.org/orange-shirt-day & https://facingcanada.facinghistory.org/activities-for-orange-shirt-day?s=03 (questions modified to include a local connection as well as additional suggestions are included for reflective learning)

Taking Action and Educating


Create Displays to Raise Awareness for Truth and Reconciliation Week, Sept. 27 - Oct. 1


Classroom and school displays inform others about why it is important to recognize the legacy of residential schools and participate in Truth and Reconciliation Week, September 27 - Oct 1. Encourage everyone to wear Orange on September 30! Get creative and create a display to educate others and inspire action!


Submit a photo of your display to cortnee.goure@sccdsb.net by September 22 to be entered into a classroom draw!

Sample Displays

Carousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel image







"Orange Shirt Day provides all Canadians with an opportunity to come together in a collective act of reconciliation and hope for generations of children to come."

Resources for the classroom and for personal learning ...


(please scroll down on the remainer of this page for a multitude of resources that can be used across the grade levels and for personal learning)

Understanding the meaning behind Orange Shirt Day

MTS_OSDStories_Phyllis_ENG_2018.pdf

Phyllis' Story (English)

MTS_OSDStories_Phyllis_FRE_2018.pdf

Phyllis' Story (French)

Pedagogical_Considerations_for_Teaching_About_Residential_Schools.01.pdf

Child-friendly Guide to the Calls to Action

child_friendly_calls_to_action_web.pdf
EveryChildMattersENDigital.pdf
EduEveryChildMattersEdGuideEN.pdf
ECM_Digest_French_Digital_.pdf

The BCTF and BC’s Project of Heart – ebook – this amazing resource tells the hidden stories behind BC’s residential schools, and gives learners practical ways to include their new knowledge in meaningful gestures or reconcilation.

Hidden history – links and resources prepared by the BCTF, including videos, presentations, online resources and teacher’s kits.

Voices From Here Video Series and Interactive Text

The bodies of the 215 children found marks an important time in history where the truth that was always known was undeniable. This marked the beginning of bringing the children home across the nation.

meaningful_reconciliation.pdf

Take Action Together!

Use this template to get started with writing a letter to advocate for change!

Taking Action Together - Template Letter.docx

Classroom Learning Resources

Phyllis Webstad shares her story in a child-friendly, easy to follow way. The background in the video changes to show traditional way of life vs life in residential school.

MTS_OSDStories_Phyllis_ENG_2018.pdf
MTS_OSDStories_Phyllis_FRE_2018.pdf

Local Documentaries

We Are Still Here - Local Documentary

"We Are Still Here" documentary features three local women from Bkejwanong Territory, also known as Walpole Island First Nation, and Aamjiwnaang First Nation. The three elders share their memories of surviving residential schools.

Trailer

Full Version

Aftershock - Local Documentary

"Aftershock" documentary features the children of the three local women from Bkejwanong Territory, also known as Walpole Island First Nation, and Aamjiwnaang First Nation. This is the story of the next generation of the three elders who shared their memories of surviving residential schools in the "We Are Still Here" documentary.

Aftershock 10min version.mp4

Aftershock (10 min Version)

Aftershock 40 min.mp4

Aftershock (Full Version)

We Are Still Here and Aftershock (Combined) Documentary

This documentary is a combined documentary of the two above films, capturing the essence of both films with the generation that attended residential schools and the intergenerational trauma.

Interactive Map

On September 30, 2020, Canadian Geographic shared an exciting new website that focuses on residential schools that were not officially recognized in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. Along with an interactive map, there is a teacher’s guide and lesson plans that explore three survivors’ stories. All Canadians are encouraged to reflect on their knowledge of residential schools in Canada and join us in the path to reconciliation by expanding the knowledge of this topic in schools.

New Books for the Classroom in Your School

All Grade Levels

You Hold Me Up by Monique Gray Smith

Junior/Intermediate Classes

Speaking Our Truth by Monique Gray Smith

Speaking-Our-Truth-Teachers-Guide.pdf

Speaking Our Truth Teacher's Guide

Intermediate/Senior Classes

Use this folder for an updated and complete list and links to current resources in your school.

Texts in Schools

Online Resources

ResidentialSchools_English.pdf
Residential_Schools_Worksheets_FINAL.pdf
ResidentialSchools_French.pdf
FR_basic_5Ws_chart.pdf
eBook.pdf

Use tiles as a reflection tool and commemoration exhibit to honor those who attended Residential Schools and their families. Click on the title above / image below and the pdf beside to view classroom/school ideas.


Project of Heart Resource Booklet (1).pdf
BB_Lev.1_Sept2021.pdf
BB_Lev.2_No.1.1Sept2021.pdf
BB_Lev.1.pdf
BB_Lev.2.pdf
bdp_niv.1.no.1.pdf
bdp_niv.2_no.1.pdf

What Can I Contribute to Meaningful Reconciliation? Teaching and Learning About Residential Schools Unit

This a unit that explores the causes and consequences of residential schools in Canada. Developed in collaboration with Grand Erie District School Board, Six Nations of the Grand River’s Education Department, and the Mississaugas of New Credit, this resource supports educators and learners in using a critical-inquiry approach to develop deep understandings of some of the complex, challenging, and painful events that have affected the relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada. This resource invites thoughtful and reflective explorations that move us beyond understanding the past and into our roles and responsibilities in the present. Through a learning journey where carefully considered decisions and empathic engagements are nurtured, learners are encouraged to develop genuine commitments and engage in meaningful actions that contribute to reconciliation. Designed for grade six and up, the fully-developed lessons include briefing sheets, image sets, suggested resources, and blackline masters to support student thinking and learning about reconciliation.

meaningful_reconciliation.pdf

You Hold Me Up, read by author Monique Gray Smith

What Does Truth, Reconciliation, and Hope Mean to You?

The following three videos, entitled "Truth", "Reconciliation" and "Hope" include intimate interviews with residential school survivors, indigenous youth and leaders in education and politics. They're an excellent tool to spark discussion about this troubling history as well as how we can build a better future.

Timeline

Timelines

The Secret Path

Gord Downie, the lead singer of the Canadian band, The Tragically Hip, is bringing attention to one of the most haunting legacies in our country's history - the residential school system and the children and families who were affected by it all. Downie released a multimedia project called The Secret Path, which consists of an album with 10 new songs, and a graphic novel by Jeff Lemire. The project is devoted to sharing the story of 12 year old Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinabe boy who died from hunger and exposure after escaping from his residential school to try and find his way home.

The Secret Path - CBC Arts

Poetry

I Lost My Talk is based on the poem by Mi'kmaw elder and poet Rita Joe, C.M. Rita Joe penned her poem to express not only the pain and suffering she experienced at Schubenacadie Residential School in Nova Scotia, but also her hope and conviction that her words could guide and inspire indigenous and non-indigenous peoples across Canada to journey to a place of strength and healing.

I Lost My Talk by Rita Joe

ILOSTMYTALK_OSD-RitaJoe.pdf
MTS_OSDStories_I_Lost_My_Talk_FRE_2018.pdf

Rosanna Deerchild shares her mother's residential school story.


Additional Videos & Documentaries

Historica Canada

Residential schools were government-sponsored religious schools established to assimilate Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian culture. Although the first residential facilities were established in New France, the term usually refers to the custodial schools established after 1880. Originally conceived by Christian churches and the Canadian government as an attempt to both educate and convert Indigenous youth and to integrate them into Canadian society, residential schools disrupted lives and communities, causing long-term problems among Indigenous peoples. Since the last residential school closed in 1996, former students have pressed for recognition and restitution, resulting in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement in 2007 and a formal public apology by Prime Minister Stephen Harper in 2008. In total, an estimated 150,000 First Nation, Inuit, and Métis children attended residential schools.

Clouds of Autumn

This film focuses on a young Indigenous boy named William and his older sister Shayl whose carefree childhoods are torn apart when Shayl is forced to attend a residential school. Singular visual interpretations infuse co-director Trevor Mack’s family history with a slowly shifting tone that evokes loss and love.

Residential Schools Podcast Series

The Métis Residential School Experience

The Inuit Residential School Experience

Cultural Mindfulness

"Everyone has a story. The first step towards understanding other people is learning about their past. George Couchie takes us through some of his Indigenous culture and history, educating us about the impacts of residential schools. Inspiring youth Angel Armstrong, Mckenzie Ottereyes Eagle, and Miigwan Buswa share their connection to the past and show us how they are stopping those negative cycles by embracing culture.


Planning Resources

Resource Folder

This resource folder contains the files in connection with residential schools and recognizing the legacy of residential schools before, during, and after Orange Shirt Day. Click on this folder to expand.


SCCDSB Student Learning




















Grade 7/8 students at Holy Family Catholic School presented a play to the community to honor residential school survivors and commemorate Orange Shirt Day in their school.








The Secondary Student Leadership Group at St. Patrick's Sarnia host a live stream interview with residential school survivor Susie Jones baa for all classrooms across the school on the first day of a week-long recognition of the legacy of residential schools.





Grade 7/8 students Holy Trinity Catholic school create a presentation to raise awareness and sew hearts that include a message with calls to action towards reconciliation.

Grade 8 students at Holy Trinity Catholic School create a presentation to share their learning about the legacy of residential schools for Orange Shirt Day.

Kidwin Zhingwaak trailer 2019

The UCC Youth Leadership Group, Kidwin Zhingwaak, share their reflections and are creating their own documentary!